Loss-of-function mutations of retinoblastoma family (Rb) proteins drive tumorigenesis by overcoming barriers to cellular proliferation. Consequently, factors modulating Rb function are of great clinical import. Here, we show that miR-335 is differentially expressed in human cancer cells and that it tightly regulates the expression of Rb1 (pRb/p105) by specifically targeting a conserved sequence motif in its 3′ untranslated region. We found that by altering Rb1 (pRb/p105) levels, miR-335 activates the p53 tumor suppressor pathway to limit cell proliferation and neoplastic cell transformation. DNA damage elicited an increase in miR-335 expression in a p53-dependent manner. miR-335 and p53 cooperated in a positive feedback loop to drive cell cycle arrest. Together, these results indicate that miR-335 helps control proliferation by balancing the activities of the Rb and p53 tumor suppressor pathways. Further, they establish that miR-335 activation plays an important role in the induction of p53-dependent cell cycle arrest after DNA damage. Cancer Res; 70(17); 6925–33. ©2010 AACR.

miR-335 directly targets Rb1 (pRb/p105) in a proximal connection to p53-dependent stress response

SCHNEIDER, Claudio;BENETTI, Roberta
2010-01-01

Abstract

Loss-of-function mutations of retinoblastoma family (Rb) proteins drive tumorigenesis by overcoming barriers to cellular proliferation. Consequently, factors modulating Rb function are of great clinical import. Here, we show that miR-335 is differentially expressed in human cancer cells and that it tightly regulates the expression of Rb1 (pRb/p105) by specifically targeting a conserved sequence motif in its 3′ untranslated region. We found that by altering Rb1 (pRb/p105) levels, miR-335 activates the p53 tumor suppressor pathway to limit cell proliferation and neoplastic cell transformation. DNA damage elicited an increase in miR-335 expression in a p53-dependent manner. miR-335 and p53 cooperated in a positive feedback loop to drive cell cycle arrest. Together, these results indicate that miR-335 helps control proliferation by balancing the activities of the Rb and p53 tumor suppressor pathways. Further, they establish that miR-335 activation plays an important role in the induction of p53-dependent cell cycle arrest after DNA damage. Cancer Res; 70(17); 6925–33. ©2010 AACR.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/878153
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