The effects of axial heat conduction in the solid walls of microchannels of circular cross-sections are analyzed here. A systematic approach is adopted, with the aim of pointing out the influence of geometrical parameters and of solid wall thermal conductivity on microchannel heat transfer. The reliability of a commonly adopted criterium, based on the so-called axial conduction number, to assess the relevance of axial heat conduction is also discussed. Numerical simulations concern the simultaneously developing laminar flow of a constant property fluid in microchannels of different length, wall thickness and wall material, heated with a uniform heat flux at the outer surface, for different values of the Reynolds number. Moreover, since often in experimental tests the two end sections of the microchannel wall are not perfectly insulated, the effects of heat losses through these sections are also considered. A hybrid finite element procedure, which implies the step-by-step solution of the parabolized momentum equations in the fluid domain, followed by the solution of the energy equation in the entire domain, corresponding to both the solid and the fluid parts, is used for the numerical simulations.

Conjugate forced convection and heat conduction in circular microchannels

NONINO, Carlo;SAVINO, Stefano;DEL GIUDICE, Stefano;
2009-01-01

Abstract

The effects of axial heat conduction in the solid walls of microchannels of circular cross-sections are analyzed here. A systematic approach is adopted, with the aim of pointing out the influence of geometrical parameters and of solid wall thermal conductivity on microchannel heat transfer. The reliability of a commonly adopted criterium, based on the so-called axial conduction number, to assess the relevance of axial heat conduction is also discussed. Numerical simulations concern the simultaneously developing laminar flow of a constant property fluid in microchannels of different length, wall thickness and wall material, heated with a uniform heat flux at the outer surface, for different values of the Reynolds number. Moreover, since often in experimental tests the two end sections of the microchannel wall are not perfectly insulated, the effects of heat losses through these sections are also considered. A hybrid finite element procedure, which implies the step-by-step solution of the parabolized momentum equations in the fluid domain, followed by the solution of the energy equation in the entire domain, corresponding to both the solid and the fluid parts, is used for the numerical simulations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/878254
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