AIM: Regarding the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer, a question was raised by the introduction of minimally invasive surgery, because of the technical complexity of the techniques involved and its uncertain benefits. We evaluated the impact of laparoscopic esophagectomy on the surgical approach to esophageal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2002 to March 2006, 22 non-randomized patients were recruited to undergo esophagectomy for neoplastic disease. The esophagectomy and esophagogastroplasty were performed using the laparoscopic transhiatal technique (THE) in 9 cases, while a combined laparoscopic gastric mobilisation and right transthoracic incision (TT/LE) was performed in the other 13. RESULTS: Mean follow up was 21+/-3.23 months, range 2-46 months. Overall cumulative survival was 84.0% at 12 months, 61.3% at 24 months, 51.0% at 36 months. THE achieved better results than TT/LE on the ground with regard to the time it took to complete the procedure (p=0.046) and the hospital stay times (p=0.039), and the time in ICU, postoperative oral feeding resumption, number of retrieved lymph nodes. CONCLUSION: The clinical benefits of minimally invasive techniques regard the time it takes to complete the procedure, the time in ICU, postoperative oral feeding resumption and the hospital stay times. Minimally invasive surgery might be not less curative and effective than open surgical procedures, as found in our small non-randomzed series of patients. Larger series should confirm these results.

A comparative study of the transhiatal laparoscopic approach versus laparoscopic gastric mobilisation and right open transthoracic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer management

BENZONI, Enrico;TERROSU, Giovanni;BRESADOLA, Vittorio;UZZAU, Alessandro;INTINI, Sergio Giuseppe;
2007

Abstract

AIM: Regarding the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer, a question was raised by the introduction of minimally invasive surgery, because of the technical complexity of the techniques involved and its uncertain benefits. We evaluated the impact of laparoscopic esophagectomy on the surgical approach to esophageal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2002 to March 2006, 22 non-randomized patients were recruited to undergo esophagectomy for neoplastic disease. The esophagectomy and esophagogastroplasty were performed using the laparoscopic transhiatal technique (THE) in 9 cases, while a combined laparoscopic gastric mobilisation and right transthoracic incision (TT/LE) was performed in the other 13. RESULTS: Mean follow up was 21+/-3.23 months, range 2-46 months. Overall cumulative survival was 84.0% at 12 months, 61.3% at 24 months, 51.0% at 36 months. THE achieved better results than TT/LE on the ground with regard to the time it took to complete the procedure (p=0.046) and the hospital stay times (p=0.039), and the time in ICU, postoperative oral feeding resumption, number of retrieved lymph nodes. CONCLUSION: The clinical benefits of minimally invasive techniques regard the time it takes to complete the procedure, the time in ICU, postoperative oral feeding resumption and the hospital stay times. Minimally invasive surgery might be not less curative and effective than open surgical procedures, as found in our small non-randomzed series of patients. Larger series should confirm these results.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/878373
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