Aureobasidium pullulans and Epicoccum nigrum are frequently reported as endophytes of various crops, including grapevine (Vitis vinifera). Because of their potential role as biological control agents against grapevine pathogens, we examined the occurrence of A. pullulans and E. nigrum in two grapevine varieties (Merlot and Prosecco) in Italian vineyards where spontaneous recovery from phytoplasma disease is recurrent. Species-specific primers for A. pullulans and two genetically distinct strains of E. nigrum were designed in variable regions of ITS1 and ITS2. Primer specificity was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction using purified DNA from other fungal endophytes that are usually encountered during isolation attempts from grapevine tissues and from several other strains of A. pullulans and E. nigrum isolated from other sources. In order to determine the occurrence of the two endophytes in grapevine plants, DNA was extracted from shoots of 44 grapevines collected in six vineyards from different localities of northeast Italy. Both endophytes were detected and their identity was confirmed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns obtained from reference strains. RFLP analyses confirmed the presence of two E. nigrum strains belonging to different RFLP groups in grapevine. The molecular methods described allowed a sensitive, specific, and reliable identification of the two endophytes in grapevine.

DNA-dependent detection of the grapevine fungal endophytes Aureobasidium pullulans and Epicoccum nigrum

MARTINI, Marta;MUSETTI, Rita;GRISAN, Simone;POLIZZOTTO, Rachele;BORSELLI, Stefano;PAVAN, Francesco;OSLER, Ruggero
2009-01-01

Abstract

Aureobasidium pullulans and Epicoccum nigrum are frequently reported as endophytes of various crops, including grapevine (Vitis vinifera). Because of their potential role as biological control agents against grapevine pathogens, we examined the occurrence of A. pullulans and E. nigrum in two grapevine varieties (Merlot and Prosecco) in Italian vineyards where spontaneous recovery from phytoplasma disease is recurrent. Species-specific primers for A. pullulans and two genetically distinct strains of E. nigrum were designed in variable regions of ITS1 and ITS2. Primer specificity was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction using purified DNA from other fungal endophytes that are usually encountered during isolation attempts from grapevine tissues and from several other strains of A. pullulans and E. nigrum isolated from other sources. In order to determine the occurrence of the two endophytes in grapevine plants, DNA was extracted from shoots of 44 grapevines collected in six vineyards from different localities of northeast Italy. Both endophytes were detected and their identity was confirmed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns obtained from reference strains. RFLP analyses confirmed the presence of two E. nigrum strains belonging to different RFLP groups in grapevine. The molecular methods described allowed a sensitive, specific, and reliable identification of the two endophytes in grapevine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/878813
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