OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of third-generation oral contraceptives on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP), homocysteine, and lipids levels in a population of young, fertile, nonobese women. METHODS: Blood markers were evaluated in 277 healthy white women (mean age 23 years and mean body-mass index 21 kg/m(2)). Seventy-seven oral contraceptive users were compared with 200 non-oral contraceptive users. Progressive cutoffs of high-sensitivity CRP and homocysteine levels were examined. RESULTS: Levels of high-sensitivity CRP posing a high risk of cardiovascular disease (3.0 to less than 10.0 mg/L) were found in 27.3% of oral contraceptive users and in 8.5% of non-oral contraceptive users (odds ratio 4.04; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.99-8.18). Levels of high-sensitivity CRP at intermediate risk (1.0 to less than 3.0 mg/L) were found in 32.5% of oral contraceptive users and in 11.0% of non-oral contraceptive users (odds ratio 3.89; 95% CI 2.03-7.46). Notably, non-oral contraceptive users were 8.65 (95% CI 4.39-17.1) times as likely to demonstrate a protective level of high-sensitivity CRP (less than 0.5 mg/L) compared with oral contraceptive users. Oral contraceptive use increased serum triglycerides (P<.001) and total cholesterol P=.001); however, high-density lipoprotein, not low-density lipoprotein, contributed to this increase. A decreased ratio of low-density lipoprotein to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was observed in oral contraceptive users compared with nonusers (P=.016). Oral contraceptive use did not affect homocysteine levels. CONCLUSION: Third-generation oral contraceptive use increases low-grade inflammatory status measured by high-sensitivity CRP concentrations. Alteration of inflammatory status in oral contraceptive users could affect the risk of venous thromboembolism, cardiovascular disease, and other oral contraceptive-associated adverse conditions in young women.

Effects of third-generation oral contraceptives on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and homocysteine in young women

CAUCI, Sabina;DI SANTOLO, Manuela;STEL, Giuliana;GONANO, Fabio;
2008

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of third-generation oral contraceptives on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP), homocysteine, and lipids levels in a population of young, fertile, nonobese women. METHODS: Blood markers were evaluated in 277 healthy white women (mean age 23 years and mean body-mass index 21 kg/m(2)). Seventy-seven oral contraceptive users were compared with 200 non-oral contraceptive users. Progressive cutoffs of high-sensitivity CRP and homocysteine levels were examined. RESULTS: Levels of high-sensitivity CRP posing a high risk of cardiovascular disease (3.0 to less than 10.0 mg/L) were found in 27.3% of oral contraceptive users and in 8.5% of non-oral contraceptive users (odds ratio 4.04; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.99-8.18). Levels of high-sensitivity CRP at intermediate risk (1.0 to less than 3.0 mg/L) were found in 32.5% of oral contraceptive users and in 11.0% of non-oral contraceptive users (odds ratio 3.89; 95% CI 2.03-7.46). Notably, non-oral contraceptive users were 8.65 (95% CI 4.39-17.1) times as likely to demonstrate a protective level of high-sensitivity CRP (less than 0.5 mg/L) compared with oral contraceptive users. Oral contraceptive use increased serum triglycerides (P<.001) and total cholesterol P=.001); however, high-density lipoprotein, not low-density lipoprotein, contributed to this increase. A decreased ratio of low-density lipoprotein to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was observed in oral contraceptive users compared with nonusers (P=.016). Oral contraceptive use did not affect homocysteine levels. CONCLUSION: Third-generation oral contraceptive use increases low-grade inflammatory status measured by high-sensitivity CRP concentrations. Alteration of inflammatory status in oral contraceptive users could affect the risk of venous thromboembolism, cardiovascular disease, and other oral contraceptive-associated adverse conditions in young women.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/879047
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 53
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 48
social impact