A series of ultrasonic assisted acid washing and thermal desorption tests were performed on sludge and other solid matrices with the aim to assay these removal technologies and to determine if the application of low frequency ultrasound was effective to enhance mercury removal. Unpolluted dredging sludge, 820 K calcinated dredging sludge, silica and alumina were characterized, polluted with a known concentration of mercury and treated both by acid washing and thermal desorption with and without low frequency ultrasound application. The acid washing was carried out by a 4% HNO3 acid solution and the thermal desorption was performed in a 370-620 K range. X-ray semi-quantitative analysis of dredging sludge before and after acid washing and granulometric curves of the matrices after the ultrasonic treatment were considered in order to evidence chemical or physical changes during these treatments. Total residual mercury measurements were carried out before and after sonication. Results showed not measurable acid washing extraction from polluted dredging sludge, a little (3%) extraction from 820 K heat-treated sludge and a significant (10-20%) extraction from alumina and silica within 120 min of treatment. The ultrasound application gave generally poor improvement of the mercury removal. On the contrary thermal desorption of mercury was somewhat effective for alumina, silica and heat-treated dredging sludge samples in which mercury removal was 30-40% at 370 K and 90-99% at 570 K. Likewise ultrasound application did not improve desorption. Instead, the thermal treatment of dredging sludge had a negligible amount of mercury desorption at 370 K but it reached 95% at 570 K. The application of ultrasound improved the thermal extraction of 25% in the 470-520 K range of temperature.

Bench-scale tests on ultrasound-assisted acidwashing and thermal desorption of mercury from dredging sludge and other solid matrices

ANEGGI, Eleonora;ROSSI, Giada;COMUZZI, Clara;GOI, Daniele
2009

Abstract

A series of ultrasonic assisted acid washing and thermal desorption tests were performed on sludge and other solid matrices with the aim to assay these removal technologies and to determine if the application of low frequency ultrasound was effective to enhance mercury removal. Unpolluted dredging sludge, 820 K calcinated dredging sludge, silica and alumina were characterized, polluted with a known concentration of mercury and treated both by acid washing and thermal desorption with and without low frequency ultrasound application. The acid washing was carried out by a 4% HNO3 acid solution and the thermal desorption was performed in a 370-620 K range. X-ray semi-quantitative analysis of dredging sludge before and after acid washing and granulometric curves of the matrices after the ultrasonic treatment were considered in order to evidence chemical or physical changes during these treatments. Total residual mercury measurements were carried out before and after sonication. Results showed not measurable acid washing extraction from polluted dredging sludge, a little (3%) extraction from 820 K heat-treated sludge and a significant (10-20%) extraction from alumina and silica within 120 min of treatment. The ultrasound application gave generally poor improvement of the mercury removal. On the contrary thermal desorption of mercury was somewhat effective for alumina, silica and heat-treated dredging sludge samples in which mercury removal was 30-40% at 370 K and 90-99% at 570 K. Likewise ultrasound application did not improve desorption. Instead, the thermal treatment of dredging sludge had a negligible amount of mercury desorption at 370 K but it reached 95% at 570 K. The application of ultrasound improved the thermal extraction of 25% in the 470-520 K range of temperature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/879449
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