The present paper reports on the sintering behaviour of several ceramics prepared using a previously selected mixture of incinerated paper mill sludge and glass cullet in the ratio 60/40 which was blended with 10, 20, 30 and 40 wt.% of three different natural materials. The three natural products were: a red quartzitic clay, a yellow quartzitic clay and a kaolin. All mixtures were blended by attrition milling and dried; powders were sieved, pressed into specimens and fired for 1 h at temperatures ranging from 1040 to 1140 °C. The resulting materials were characterized by water absorption, shrinkage, crystallographic composition, microstructure and physico-mechanical properties. It was observed that materials containing kaolin display the best overall behaviour independently of the quantity of kaolin introduced. Conversely the optimal sintering temperature, and consequently the best properties of the materials prepared using red or yellow clay were measured on products fired at temperatures above 1080 °C; materials and temperatures are affected by the amount of clay added

Sintering and characterisation of ceramics containing paper sludge, glass cullet and different types of clayey materials

FURLANI, Erika;TONELLO, Gabriele;MASCHIO, Stefano;ANEGGI, Eleonora;MINICHELLI, Dino;BRUCKNER, Sergio;
2011

Abstract

The present paper reports on the sintering behaviour of several ceramics prepared using a previously selected mixture of incinerated paper mill sludge and glass cullet in the ratio 60/40 which was blended with 10, 20, 30 and 40 wt.% of three different natural materials. The three natural products were: a red quartzitic clay, a yellow quartzitic clay and a kaolin. All mixtures were blended by attrition milling and dried; powders were sieved, pressed into specimens and fired for 1 h at temperatures ranging from 1040 to 1140 °C. The resulting materials were characterized by water absorption, shrinkage, crystallographic composition, microstructure and physico-mechanical properties. It was observed that materials containing kaolin display the best overall behaviour independently of the quantity of kaolin introduced. Conversely the optimal sintering temperature, and consequently the best properties of the materials prepared using red or yellow clay were measured on products fired at temperatures above 1080 °C; materials and temperatures are affected by the amount of clay added
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/879758
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