Objective: Primary SS is characterized by an increased risk of lymphoma in patients with prelymphomatous manifestations (i.e. myoepithelial sialadenitis or mixed cryoglobulinaemia). Serum B-lymphocyte stimulator (s-BLyS) levels in SS-related B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders were studied by integrating the results with the disease activity score and with molecular analyses of B-cell expansion in the salivary glands. Methods: Seventy-six primary SS patients (with or without lymphoma or prelymphomatous manifestations), 56 HCV-related cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis patients and 55 controls were studied. s-BLyS and molecular analyses of B-cell expansion in the salivary gland tissues were performed. Patients with SS and persistent parotid swelling underwent parotid biopsy. Results: S-BLyS differed between SS subgroups, higher levels being documented in patients with lymphoma or prelymphomatous manifestations vs SS without [1.85 (0.45-4.12) ng/ml vs 1.12 (0.56-1.98) ng/ml; P<0.0001]. s-BLyS levels significantly correlated with the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) SS disease activity index (r = 0.62, P<0.0001, Spearman's test). Clonal B-cell expansion in the salivary glands, but not polyclonal B-cell expansion, was associated with higher s-BLyS levels [1.98 (0.45-4.12) ng/ml vs 1.15 (0.56-3.25) ng/ml; P = 0.013)]. Conclusion: Higher s-BLyS levels and tissue clonal B-cell expansion characterize SS with B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders, even at prelymphomatous stages. This subgroup of SS patients showed the highest EULAR SS disease activity index scores. This represents a biologic rationale for targeting both clonal B-cell expansion and s-BLyS overproduction in SS. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved.

BLyS upregulation in Sjogren's syndrome associated with lymphoproliferative disorders, higher ESSDAI score and B-cell clonal expansion in the salivary glands

QUARTUCCIO, Luca;ISOLA, Miriam;DE VITA, Salvatore
2013

Abstract

Objective: Primary SS is characterized by an increased risk of lymphoma in patients with prelymphomatous manifestations (i.e. myoepithelial sialadenitis or mixed cryoglobulinaemia). Serum B-lymphocyte stimulator (s-BLyS) levels in SS-related B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders were studied by integrating the results with the disease activity score and with molecular analyses of B-cell expansion in the salivary glands. Methods: Seventy-six primary SS patients (with or without lymphoma or prelymphomatous manifestations), 56 HCV-related cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis patients and 55 controls were studied. s-BLyS and molecular analyses of B-cell expansion in the salivary gland tissues were performed. Patients with SS and persistent parotid swelling underwent parotid biopsy. Results: S-BLyS differed between SS subgroups, higher levels being documented in patients with lymphoma or prelymphomatous manifestations vs SS without [1.85 (0.45-4.12) ng/ml vs 1.12 (0.56-1.98) ng/ml; P<0.0001]. s-BLyS levels significantly correlated with the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) SS disease activity index (r = 0.62, P<0.0001, Spearman's test). Clonal B-cell expansion in the salivary glands, but not polyclonal B-cell expansion, was associated with higher s-BLyS levels [1.98 (0.45-4.12) ng/ml vs 1.15 (0.56-3.25) ng/ml; P = 0.013)]. Conclusion: Higher s-BLyS levels and tissue clonal B-cell expansion characterize SS with B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders, even at prelymphomatous stages. This subgroup of SS patients showed the highest EULAR SS disease activity index scores. This represents a biologic rationale for targeting both clonal B-cell expansion and s-BLyS overproduction in SS. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/879759
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