Liver retransplantation is considered to carry a higher risk than primary transplantation. However, there are an increasing number of retransplant candidates, especially owing to late graft failure. The aim of this study was to analyze a single-center experience in late liver retransplantation. The overall rate of primary retransplantation was 11.4% (28 re-OLT out of 245 primary OLT); the 14 (52%) who underwent retransplantation at more than 3 months after the first transplant were analyzed by a medical record review. Causes of primary graft failure leading to retransplantation were chronic hepatic artery thombosis in five cases (36%); recurrent HCV cirrhosis in four cases (29%); chronic rejection in two cases (14%); veno-occlusive disease; hepatic vein thrombosis or idiopathic graft failure in one case each (7%). UNOS status at re-OLT was always 2A, all patients were hospitalized; three were intensive care unit bound. ICU and total hospital stay had been 7 5 and 28 16 days, respectively. One- and 2-year patient and graft survivals were 84% and 62% and 67% and 67%, respectively. Death occurred in four patients. Two out of the three recovered in ICU at the time of retransplantation, at a median interval of 15 9 days after retransplantation. The survival rate after late retransplantation is improving, and this option should be considered to be a efficient way to save lives, especially by defining the optimal timing for retransplantation.

A single-center experience of late retransplantation of the liver.

BACCARANI, Umberto;RISALITI, Andrea;COSTA, Maria Gabriella;TONIUTTO, Pierluigi;DELLA ROCCA, Giorgio;BRESADOLA, Fabrizio
2005

Abstract

Liver retransplantation is considered to carry a higher risk than primary transplantation. However, there are an increasing number of retransplant candidates, especially owing to late graft failure. The aim of this study was to analyze a single-center experience in late liver retransplantation. The overall rate of primary retransplantation was 11.4% (28 re-OLT out of 245 primary OLT); the 14 (52%) who underwent retransplantation at more than 3 months after the first transplant were analyzed by a medical record review. Causes of primary graft failure leading to retransplantation were chronic hepatic artery thombosis in five cases (36%); recurrent HCV cirrhosis in four cases (29%); chronic rejection in two cases (14%); veno-occlusive disease; hepatic vein thrombosis or idiopathic graft failure in one case each (7%). UNOS status at re-OLT was always 2A, all patients were hospitalized; three were intensive care unit bound. ICU and total hospital stay had been 7 5 and 28 16 days, respectively. One- and 2-year patient and graft survivals were 84% and 62% and 67% and 67%, respectively. Death occurred in four patients. Two out of the three recovered in ICU at the time of retransplantation, at a median interval of 15 9 days after retransplantation. The survival rate after late retransplantation is improving, and this option should be considered to be a efficient way to save lives, especially by defining the optimal timing for retransplantation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/902306
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