Bendamustine proved to be effective for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the relationship between its activity with clinico-biological prognosticators has been addressed only in few studies. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of bendamustine, in a real-life contest, on 142 patients, median age 70 years, median number of previous regimens 2 (0-8, 13% previously untreated). Bendamustine was administered for a median number of 4 cycles, in 84% of cases with rituximab. Overall (ORR) and complete response (CRR) rates were 68 and 16.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated a relationship between ORR and number of prior treatments (OR 0.25, 95% CI 0.08-0.71; P=0.009), del(17p) (OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.03-0.32; P<0.001) and concomitant rituximab (OR 4.37, 95% CI 1.12-17.04; P=0.033). The estimated 1- and 2-years overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) rates were 76, 61, 51, and 26%, respectively. Previous sensitivity to fludarabine (HR 0.36, 95% CI 0.16-0.82), response to bendamustine (HR 0.21, 95% CI 0.10-0.45), and del(17p) (HR 2.18, 95% CI 1.002-4.74) had a prognostic significance in multivariate analysis for PFS, while the number of previous therapies (HR 3.48, 95% CI 1.29-9.38; P=0.014), concomitant use of rituximab (HR 0.32, 95% CI 0.11-0.93) and response to bendamustine (HR 0.22, 95% CI 0.07-0.66) were significant for OS. Side effects included grade 3-4 neutropenia, infections, thrombocytopenia and anemia which occurred in 40, 14, 14, and 10% of patients, respectively. These results confirm the activity and safety of bendamustine and rituximab combination even in patients with unfavorable clinical and biological features excluding del(17p). Am. J. Heamtol. 88:955-960, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Bendamustine in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: Outcome according to different clinical and biological prognostic factors in the everyday clinical practice.

ZAJA, Francesco;FANIN, Renato;ISOLA, Miriam;
2013

Abstract

Bendamustine proved to be effective for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the relationship between its activity with clinico-biological prognosticators has been addressed only in few studies. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of bendamustine, in a real-life contest, on 142 patients, median age 70 years, median number of previous regimens 2 (0-8, 13% previously untreated). Bendamustine was administered for a median number of 4 cycles, in 84% of cases with rituximab. Overall (ORR) and complete response (CRR) rates were 68 and 16.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated a relationship between ORR and number of prior treatments (OR 0.25, 95% CI 0.08-0.71; P=0.009), del(17p) (OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.03-0.32; P<0.001) and concomitant rituximab (OR 4.37, 95% CI 1.12-17.04; P=0.033). The estimated 1- and 2-years overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) rates were 76, 61, 51, and 26%, respectively. Previous sensitivity to fludarabine (HR 0.36, 95% CI 0.16-0.82), response to bendamustine (HR 0.21, 95% CI 0.10-0.45), and del(17p) (HR 2.18, 95% CI 1.002-4.74) had a prognostic significance in multivariate analysis for PFS, while the number of previous therapies (HR 3.48, 95% CI 1.29-9.38; P=0.014), concomitant use of rituximab (HR 0.32, 95% CI 0.11-0.93) and response to bendamustine (HR 0.22, 95% CI 0.07-0.66) were significant for OS. Side effects included grade 3-4 neutropenia, infections, thrombocytopenia and anemia which occurred in 40, 14, 14, and 10% of patients, respectively. These results confirm the activity and safety of bendamustine and rituximab combination even in patients with unfavorable clinical and biological features excluding del(17p). Am. J. Heamtol. 88:955-960, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/905543
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