Dynamic stall is a relevant phenomenon in the design and operation of a vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) as it impacts loading, control and wake dynamics. Although streamtube models and single-wake vortex models are commonly used for VAWT simulation, they either do not explicitly simulate the distribution of vorticity in the wake (streamtube models) or simplify it into a single-wake release point (single-wake vortex models). This can lead to inaccurate predictions of the vorticity distribution and wake dynamics, and therefore of the induction field, rotor loading and wake development, including wake mixing and re-energizing. In this work, we use a double-wake panel model developed for the simulation of dynamic stall in a VAWT to analyse (i) what is the flow field in dynamic stall, including the induction field, (ii) what is the error due to assuming a simplified wake, in both vorticity distribution and induction and (iii) how an incorrect simulation of the vorticity distribution can affect the prediction of the dynamics of the near and far wake. The results demonstrate that for mild separation (tip speed ratio 3), single-wake models can produce acceptable results. However, for lower tip speed ratios ( < 3), the inaccuracy in the prediction of loads, induction field and vorticity distribution becomes significant because of an inadequate representation of the wake dynamics. These results imply that using lower order models can lead to inaccurate estimations of loads, performance and power control requirements at low tip speed ratios.

Wake modelling of a VAWT in dynamic stall: impact on the prediction of flow and induction fields

GIANNATTASIO, Pietro;
2015

Abstract

Dynamic stall is a relevant phenomenon in the design and operation of a vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) as it impacts loading, control and wake dynamics. Although streamtube models and single-wake vortex models are commonly used for VAWT simulation, they either do not explicitly simulate the distribution of vorticity in the wake (streamtube models) or simplify it into a single-wake release point (single-wake vortex models). This can lead to inaccurate predictions of the vorticity distribution and wake dynamics, and therefore of the induction field, rotor loading and wake development, including wake mixing and re-energizing. In this work, we use a double-wake panel model developed for the simulation of dynamic stall in a VAWT to analyse (i) what is the flow field in dynamic stall, including the induction field, (ii) what is the error due to assuming a simplified wake, in both vorticity distribution and induction and (iii) how an incorrect simulation of the vorticity distribution can affect the prediction of the dynamics of the near and far wake. The results demonstrate that for mild separation (tip speed ratio 3), single-wake models can produce acceptable results. However, for lower tip speed ratios ( < 3), the inaccuracy in the prediction of loads, induction field and vorticity distribution becomes significant because of an inadequate representation of the wake dynamics. These results imply that using lower order models can lead to inaccurate estimations of loads, performance and power control requirements at low tip speed ratios.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1020746
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