To clarify mechanisms of hepatic free fatty acid uptake, [3H]oleate uptake by isolated rat hepatocytes was studied, using solutions of 150 laM bovine serum albumin at oleate:albumin molar ratios of 0.033-6.7:1. Oleate partitioning between liver plasma membranes and albumin was also studied, and used to ascertain the membrane binding function for oleate. The experimental uptake curve was complex, but could be resolved by computer fitting into a sum of two components, one a saturable and the second a linear function of the unbound oleate concentration. The saturable component comprises > 90% of total oleate uptake when the oleate:albumin molar ratio is < 2.5, but < 50% when this ratio is > 5. Membrane binding also consisted of a sum of a saturable and a linear component. By comparison of the computer-fitted uptake and binding functions, separate rate constants for the transfer into the cell of the saturably and non-saturably bound oleate were estimated to be 0.7 s -~ and 0.05 s -~, respectively. The former is compatible with a specific, protein-mediated process. It is 15-times greater than the corresponding rate constant for transfer of non-saturably bound oleate into the cell, which in turn is similar to reported rates of non-specific 'flip-flop' of fatty acids across lipid bilayers. The observed kinetics are not consistent with models in which uptake occurs principally from the albumin-bound pool of oleate, or solely from the oleate which has partitioned passively into the lipid bilayer of the plasma membrane.

Characteristics of oleate binding to liver plasma membranes and its uptake by isolated hepatocytes

SORRENTINO, Dario Rosario;
1992

Abstract

To clarify mechanisms of hepatic free fatty acid uptake, [3H]oleate uptake by isolated rat hepatocytes was studied, using solutions of 150 laM bovine serum albumin at oleate:albumin molar ratios of 0.033-6.7:1. Oleate partitioning between liver plasma membranes and albumin was also studied, and used to ascertain the membrane binding function for oleate. The experimental uptake curve was complex, but could be resolved by computer fitting into a sum of two components, one a saturable and the second a linear function of the unbound oleate concentration. The saturable component comprises > 90% of total oleate uptake when the oleate:albumin molar ratio is < 2.5, but < 50% when this ratio is > 5. Membrane binding also consisted of a sum of a saturable and a linear component. By comparison of the computer-fitted uptake and binding functions, separate rate constants for the transfer into the cell of the saturably and non-saturably bound oleate were estimated to be 0.7 s -~ and 0.05 s -~, respectively. The former is compatible with a specific, protein-mediated process. It is 15-times greater than the corresponding rate constant for transfer of non-saturably bound oleate into the cell, which in turn is similar to reported rates of non-specific 'flip-flop' of fatty acids across lipid bilayers. The observed kinetics are not consistent with models in which uptake occurs principally from the albumin-bound pool of oleate, or solely from the oleate which has partitioned passively into the lipid bilayer of the plasma membrane.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1092751
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