In acoustic array processing, beamforming is a class of algorithms commonly used to estimate the position of a radiating sound source. This paper presents a diagonal unloading (DU) transformation method for the conventional response power beamforming to achieve robust localizationwith lowcomputational complexity. The transformation is obtained by subtracting an opportune diagonal matrix from the covariance matrix of the array output vector. Specifically, the DU beamformer aims at subtracting the signal subspace from the noisy signal space. It is, hence, a datadependent covariance matrix conditioning method. We show how to calculate precisely the unloading parameters, and we present a comparison of the proposedDUbeamforming, the robustminimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) filter, and the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) method, in terms of their respective eigenanalyses. Theoretical analysis and experiments conducted on both simulated and real acoustic data demonstrate that the DU beamformer localization performance is comparable to that of robustMVDRandMUSIC. Since its computational cost is equivalent to that of a conventional beamformer, the proposed DU beamformer method can, thus, be very attractive due to its effectiveness and computational efficiency.

A Low-Complexity Robust Beamforming Using Diagonal Unloading for Acoustic Source Localization

Salvati, Daniele
;
Drioli, Carlo;Foresti, Gian Luca
2018-01-01

Abstract

In acoustic array processing, beamforming is a class of algorithms commonly used to estimate the position of a radiating sound source. This paper presents a diagonal unloading (DU) transformation method for the conventional response power beamforming to achieve robust localizationwith lowcomputational complexity. The transformation is obtained by subtracting an opportune diagonal matrix from the covariance matrix of the array output vector. Specifically, the DU beamformer aims at subtracting the signal subspace from the noisy signal space. It is, hence, a datadependent covariance matrix conditioning method. We show how to calculate precisely the unloading parameters, and we present a comparison of the proposedDUbeamforming, the robustminimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) filter, and the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) method, in terms of their respective eigenanalyses. Theoretical analysis and experiments conducted on both simulated and real acoustic data demonstrate that the DU beamformer localization performance is comparable to that of robustMVDRandMUSIC. Since its computational cost is equivalent to that of a conventional beamformer, the proposed DU beamformer method can, thus, be very attractive due to its effectiveness and computational efficiency.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1123492
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