The problem of synthesizing network-decentralized observers arises when several agents, corresponding to the nodes of a network, exchange information about local measurements to asymptotically estimate their own state. The network topology is unknown to the nodes, which can rely on information about their neighboring nodes only. For homogeneous systems, composed of identical agents, we show that a network-decentralized observer can be designed by starting from local observers (typically, optimal filters) and then adapting the gain to ensure overall stability. The smallest eigenvalue of the so-called generalized Laplacian matrix is crucial: stability is guaranteed if the gain is greater than the inverse of this eigenvalue, which is strictly positive if the graph is externally connected. To deal with uncertain topologies, we characterize the worst-case smallest eigenvalue of the generalized Laplacian matrix for externally connected graphs, and we prove that the worst-case graph is a chain. This general result provides a bound for the observer gain that ensures robustness of the network-decentralized observer even under arbitrary, possibly switching, configurations, and in the presence of noise. © 2013 IEEE.

The Smallest Eigenvalue of the Generalized Laplacian Matrix, with Application to Network-Decentralized Estimation for Homogeneous Systems

Giordano, Giulia;Blanchini, Franco;Montessoro, Pier Luca
2016

Abstract

The problem of synthesizing network-decentralized observers arises when several agents, corresponding to the nodes of a network, exchange information about local measurements to asymptotically estimate their own state. The network topology is unknown to the nodes, which can rely on information about their neighboring nodes only. For homogeneous systems, composed of identical agents, we show that a network-decentralized observer can be designed by starting from local observers (typically, optimal filters) and then adapting the gain to ensure overall stability. The smallest eigenvalue of the so-called generalized Laplacian matrix is crucial: stability is guaranteed if the gain is greater than the inverse of this eigenvalue, which is strictly positive if the graph is externally connected. To deal with uncertain topologies, we characterize the worst-case smallest eigenvalue of the generalized Laplacian matrix for externally connected graphs, and we prove that the worst-case graph is a chain. This general result provides a bound for the observer gain that ensures robustness of the network-decentralized observer even under arbitrary, possibly switching, configurations, and in the presence of noise. © 2013 IEEE.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1127138
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact