This work presents a more realistic study on the potential of titanium carbide MXene (Ti3C2Tx) for gas sensing, by employing first principle calculations. The effects of different ratios of different functional groups on the adsorption of NH3, NO, NO2, N2O, CO, CO2, CH4, and H2S gas molecules on Ti3C2Tx were analyzed. The results indicated that Ti3C2Tx is considerably more sensitive to NH3, among the studied gas molecules, with a charge transfer of -0.098 e and an adsorption energy of -0.36 eV. By analyzing the electrostatic surface potential (ESP) and the projected density of states (PDOS), important physical and mechanical properties that determine the strength and nature of gas-substrate interactions were investigated, and also, the significant role of electrostatic effects on the charge transfer mechanism was revealed. Further, the Bader charge analysis for the closest oxygen and fluorine atoms to NH3 molecule showed that oxygen atoms have 60% to 180% larger charge transfer than fluorine atoms, supporting that Ti3C2Tx substrate with a relatively lower ratio of fluorine surface terminations has a stronger interaction with NH3 gas molecules. The calculations show that in the presence of water molecules, approximately 90% smaller charge transfer between NH3 molecule and the Ti3C2Tx occurs. Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations (AIMD) were also carried out to evaluate the thermal stabilities of Mxenes. The comprehensive study presented in this work provides insights and paves the way for realizing sensitive NH3 sensors based on Ti3C2Tx that can be tuned by the ratio of surface termination groups.

Titanium Carbide MXene as NH3 Sensor: Realistic First-Principles Study

Khakbaz P.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

This work presents a more realistic study on the potential of titanium carbide MXene (Ti3C2Tx) for gas sensing, by employing first principle calculations. The effects of different ratios of different functional groups on the adsorption of NH3, NO, NO2, N2O, CO, CO2, CH4, and H2S gas molecules on Ti3C2Tx were analyzed. The results indicated that Ti3C2Tx is considerably more sensitive to NH3, among the studied gas molecules, with a charge transfer of -0.098 e and an adsorption energy of -0.36 eV. By analyzing the electrostatic surface potential (ESP) and the projected density of states (PDOS), important physical and mechanical properties that determine the strength and nature of gas-substrate interactions were investigated, and also, the significant role of electrostatic effects on the charge transfer mechanism was revealed. Further, the Bader charge analysis for the closest oxygen and fluorine atoms to NH3 molecule showed that oxygen atoms have 60% to 180% larger charge transfer than fluorine atoms, supporting that Ti3C2Tx substrate with a relatively lower ratio of fluorine surface terminations has a stronger interaction with NH3 gas molecules. The calculations show that in the presence of water molecules, approximately 90% smaller charge transfer between NH3 molecule and the Ti3C2Tx occurs. Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations (AIMD) were also carried out to evaluate the thermal stabilities of Mxenes. The comprehensive study presented in this work provides insights and paves the way for realizing sensitive NH3 sensors based on Ti3C2Tx that can be tuned by the ratio of surface termination groups.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1189533
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