It is possible to distinguish precious vanillin from Vanilla species (planifolia or tahitensis) from much less expensive synthetic and nature-identical vanillin on the basis of the stable isotope ratios of H and C ( 2 H/ 1 H, 13 C/ 12 C). Analysis is usually performed using GC-IRMS (Gas Chromatography - Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry) after solvent extraction of vanillin from the sample. Recently, head-space solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) has been proposed as an alternative for determining 13 C/ 12 C. The aim of this study was to develop a method to analyse 2 H/ 1 H in vanillin using SPME-GC-IRMS for the first time, by testing different operating conditions and comparing the results with those obtained after solvent extraction. The ultimate scope was to develop a quick, robust and effective method to measure 2 H/ 1 H and 13 C/ 12 C in vanillin to assess the authenticity of labelling. Almost 50 authentic samples from vanilla pods, nature-identical (ex) and synthetic vanillin and 4 commercial food products were taken into account. All the samples were subjected to HS-SPME-GC-IRMS analysis and most of them to GC-IRMS analysis after solvent extraction of vanillin. The SPME method developed for 2 H/ 1 H analysis guarantees the absence of isotopic fractionation, repeatability and reproducibility standard deviation of below 7‰ and savings in terms of time (from 30 to 5 min) and solvent. HS-SPME GC-IRMS analysis of δ 2 H and δ 13 C can be proposed as a rapid and robust method to discriminate different types of vanillin and assess the authenticity of natural vanillin, also contained in food matrices.

C and H stable isotope ratio analysis using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry for vanillin authentication

Pianezze S.;
2019

Abstract

It is possible to distinguish precious vanillin from Vanilla species (planifolia or tahitensis) from much less expensive synthetic and nature-identical vanillin on the basis of the stable isotope ratios of H and C ( 2 H/ 1 H, 13 C/ 12 C). Analysis is usually performed using GC-IRMS (Gas Chromatography - Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry) after solvent extraction of vanillin from the sample. Recently, head-space solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) has been proposed as an alternative for determining 13 C/ 12 C. The aim of this study was to develop a method to analyse 2 H/ 1 H in vanillin using SPME-GC-IRMS for the first time, by testing different operating conditions and comparing the results with those obtained after solvent extraction. The ultimate scope was to develop a quick, robust and effective method to measure 2 H/ 1 H and 13 C/ 12 C in vanillin to assess the authenticity of labelling. Almost 50 authentic samples from vanilla pods, nature-identical (ex) and synthetic vanillin and 4 commercial food products were taken into account. All the samples were subjected to HS-SPME-GC-IRMS analysis and most of them to GC-IRMS analysis after solvent extraction of vanillin. The SPME method developed for 2 H/ 1 H analysis guarantees the absence of isotopic fractionation, repeatability and reproducibility standard deviation of below 7‰ and savings in terms of time (from 30 to 5 min) and solvent. HS-SPME GC-IRMS analysis of δ 2 H and δ 13 C can be proposed as a rapid and robust method to discriminate different types of vanillin and assess the authenticity of natural vanillin, also contained in food matrices.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1191043
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact