Preoperative inflammatory biomarkers such as the Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) and the Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) strongly predict the outcome in surgically treated patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), while nutritional biomarkers such as the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) and the Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) show an analogue prognostic value in hepatic resection (HR) but not in liver transplant (LT) cases. Data on the impact of LT on the inflammatory and nutritional/metabolic function are heterogeneous. Therefore, we investigated the post-LT trend of these biomarkers up to postoperative month (POM) 12 in 324 HCC patients treated with LT. Inflammatory biomarkers peaked in the early post-LT period but at POM 3 leveled off at values similar (NLR) or higher (PLR) than pre-LT ones. CONUT and PNI worsened in the early post-LT period, but at POM 3 they stabilized at significantly better values than pre-LT. In LT recipients with an overall survival >1 year and no evidence of early HCC recurrence, 1 year post-LT NLR and PNI independently predicted patient overall survival, while 1 year post-LT PLR independently predicted late tumor recurrence. In conclusion, at 1 year post-LT, the nutritional status of liver-transplanted HCC patients significantly improved while their inflammatory state tended to persist. Consequently, post-LT PLR and NLR maintained a prognostic value for LT outcome while post-LT CONUT and PNI acquired it.

Postoperative trends and prognostic values of inflammatory and nutritional biomarkers after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma

Pravisani R.
;
Isola M.;Lorenzin D.;Cherchi V.;De Martino M.;Risaliti A.;Baccarani U.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Preoperative inflammatory biomarkers such as the Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) and the Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) strongly predict the outcome in surgically treated patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), while nutritional biomarkers such as the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) and the Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) show an analogue prognostic value in hepatic resection (HR) but not in liver transplant (LT) cases. Data on the impact of LT on the inflammatory and nutritional/metabolic function are heterogeneous. Therefore, we investigated the post-LT trend of these biomarkers up to postoperative month (POM) 12 in 324 HCC patients treated with LT. Inflammatory biomarkers peaked in the early post-LT period but at POM 3 leveled off at values similar (NLR) or higher (PLR) than pre-LT ones. CONUT and PNI worsened in the early post-LT period, but at POM 3 they stabilized at significantly better values than pre-LT. In LT recipients with an overall survival >1 year and no evidence of early HCC recurrence, 1 year post-LT NLR and PNI independently predicted patient overall survival, while 1 year post-LT PLR independently predicted late tumor recurrence. In conclusion, at 1 year post-LT, the nutritional status of liver-transplanted HCC patients significantly improved while their inflammatory state tended to persist. Consequently, post-LT PLR and NLR maintained a prognostic value for LT outcome while post-LT CONUT and PNI acquired it.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1197881
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