This retrospective study was designed to analyze the interindividual variability in the responses of different variables characterizing the skeletal muscle oxidative function to normoxic (N-BR) and hypoxic (H-BR) bed rests and to a hypoxic ambulatory confinement (H-AMB) of 10 and 21 days. We also assessed whether and how the addition of hypoxia to bed rest might influence the heterogeneity of the responses. In vivo measurements of O2 uptake and muscle fractional O2 extraction were carried out during an incremental one-leg knee-extension exercise. Mitochondrial respiration was assessed in permeabilized muscle fibers. A total of 17 subjects were included in this analysis. This analysis revealed a similar variability among subjects in the alterations induced by N-BR and H-BR both in peak O2 uptake (SD: 4.1% and 3.3% after 10 days; 4.5% and 8.1% after 21 days, respectively) and peak muscle fractional O2 extraction (SD: 5.9% and 7.3% after 10 days; 6.5% and 7.3% after 21 days), independently from the duration of the exposure. The individual changes measured in these variables were significantly related (r = 0.66, P = 0.004 after N-BR; r = 0.61, P = 0.009 after H-BR). Mitochondrial respiration showed a large variability of response after both N-BR (SD: 25.0% and 15.7% after 10 and 21 days) and H-BR (SD: 13.0% and 19.8% after 10 and 21 days); no correlation was found between N-BR and HBR changes. When added to bed rest, hypoxia altered the individual adaptations within the mitochondria but not those intrinsic to the muscle oxidative function in vivo, both after the short- and medium-term exposures.

Heterogeneity of human adaptations to bed rest and hypoxia: A retrospective analysis within the skeletal muscle oxidative function

Grassi B.;
2021

Abstract

This retrospective study was designed to analyze the interindividual variability in the responses of different variables characterizing the skeletal muscle oxidative function to normoxic (N-BR) and hypoxic (H-BR) bed rests and to a hypoxic ambulatory confinement (H-AMB) of 10 and 21 days. We also assessed whether and how the addition of hypoxia to bed rest might influence the heterogeneity of the responses. In vivo measurements of O2 uptake and muscle fractional O2 extraction were carried out during an incremental one-leg knee-extension exercise. Mitochondrial respiration was assessed in permeabilized muscle fibers. A total of 17 subjects were included in this analysis. This analysis revealed a similar variability among subjects in the alterations induced by N-BR and H-BR both in peak O2 uptake (SD: 4.1% and 3.3% after 10 days; 4.5% and 8.1% after 21 days, respectively) and peak muscle fractional O2 extraction (SD: 5.9% and 7.3% after 10 days; 6.5% and 7.3% after 21 days), independently from the duration of the exposure. The individual changes measured in these variables were significantly related (r = 0.66, P = 0.004 after N-BR; r = 0.61, P = 0.009 after H-BR). Mitochondrial respiration showed a large variability of response after both N-BR (SD: 25.0% and 15.7% after 10 and 21 days) and H-BR (SD: 13.0% and 19.8% after 10 and 21 days); no correlation was found between N-BR and HBR changes. When added to bed rest, hypoxia altered the individual adaptations within the mitochondria but not those intrinsic to the muscle oxidative function in vivo, both after the short- and medium-term exposures.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1218030
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