Allelic variation in the structural or regulatory sequences of growth hormone and its receptor genes might directly or indirectly affect milk traits. This possibility prompted us to investigate the eventual relationships of restriction fragment length polymorphisms at the locus of bovine growth hormone (using TagI and MspI restriction enzymes) and its receptor (using TaqI restriction enzyme) production traits of bulls. Holstein-Friesian bulls were used in this experiment, and data were analyzed with a fixed linear model. The restriction fragment length polymorphisms at the growth hormone locus did not affect the milk traits studied. Six restriction enzyme TaqI bands of 7.1, 6.2, 5.7, 5.4, 4.2, and 3.3 kb with nine patterns were observed after hybridization by a cDNA probe containing the coding sequences for the intracellular C-terminal part of the receptor. The effect of this polymorphism on PTA for milk protein percentage was highly significant and was favorable for the rare (6.6%) 5.7- and 5.4-kb pattern. Our results indicate that further study is needed to explain the DNA polymorphism and to obtain more definite conclusions about effects on milk traits.

Relationship of growth hormone geneand milk protein polymorphism to milk production traits in Simmental cattle

PRANDI, Alberto;CORRADINI, Cesare;
1997

Abstract

Allelic variation in the structural or regulatory sequences of growth hormone and its receptor genes might directly or indirectly affect milk traits. This possibility prompted us to investigate the eventual relationships of restriction fragment length polymorphisms at the locus of bovine growth hormone (using TagI and MspI restriction enzymes) and its receptor (using TaqI restriction enzyme) production traits of bulls. Holstein-Friesian bulls were used in this experiment, and data were analyzed with a fixed linear model. The restriction fragment length polymorphisms at the growth hormone locus did not affect the milk traits studied. Six restriction enzyme TaqI bands of 7.1, 6.2, 5.7, 5.4, 4.2, and 3.3 kb with nine patterns were observed after hybridization by a cDNA probe containing the coding sequences for the intracellular C-terminal part of the receptor. The effect of this polymorphism on PTA for milk protein percentage was highly significant and was favorable for the rare (6.6%) 5.7- and 5.4-kb pattern. Our results indicate that further study is needed to explain the DNA polymorphism and to obtain more definite conclusions about effects on milk traits.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/714665
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