Physical fitness in childhood is considered a marker of current and future health. For this reason, there is a need for a simple but reliable test to assess the different components of physical fitness even at school during physical education lessons. However, standard values are required to correctly interpret the results of such tests. Hence, this study aimed to generate sex- and age-specific normative percentile values for health-related physical fitness in Italian children. To this aim, 30,472 children aged 6–11 years from the Friuli Venezia-Giulia region (Italy) were examined. The fitness test battery included the Léger test (cardiorespiratory), the shuttle test (agility), standing long jumps, frontal throws of a basketball (lower and upper limb strength), the sit-and-reach test (flexibility), and the standing balance test. Sex- and age-percentile curves were determined using the General Additive Model for Location Scale and Shape (GAMLSS). Conclusion: The reference standards are provided as 1st, 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, 97th, and 99th percentiles in the form of both tables and charts and are roughly comparable with those of other European children.What is Known:• Physical fitness in childhood is considered a marker of current and future health;• Several tests have been developed to assess physical fitness in children;• There are general European reference standards for a series of tests of the main fitness components for children.What is New:• The present study provides specific reference standards for a series of tests that are indicative of the main fitness components and easily applied in children, particularly those in the Italian population;• Standing balance test and basketball frontal throw test references in a wide sample of children;• The performance of children in the present study was roughly comparable to that of other European children.

Physical fitness reference standards in Italian children

Vaccari F.;Fiori F.;Bravo G.;Parpinel M.;Lazzer S.
2021

Abstract

Physical fitness in childhood is considered a marker of current and future health. For this reason, there is a need for a simple but reliable test to assess the different components of physical fitness even at school during physical education lessons. However, standard values are required to correctly interpret the results of such tests. Hence, this study aimed to generate sex- and age-specific normative percentile values for health-related physical fitness in Italian children. To this aim, 30,472 children aged 6–11 years from the Friuli Venezia-Giulia region (Italy) were examined. The fitness test battery included the Léger test (cardiorespiratory), the shuttle test (agility), standing long jumps, frontal throws of a basketball (lower and upper limb strength), the sit-and-reach test (flexibility), and the standing balance test. Sex- and age-percentile curves were determined using the General Additive Model for Location Scale and Shape (GAMLSS). Conclusion: The reference standards are provided as 1st, 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, 97th, and 99th percentiles in the form of both tables and charts and are roughly comparable with those of other European children.What is Known:• Physical fitness in childhood is considered a marker of current and future health;• Several tests have been developed to assess physical fitness in children;• There are general European reference standards for a series of tests of the main fitness components for children.What is New:• The present study provides specific reference standards for a series of tests that are indicative of the main fitness components and easily applied in children, particularly those in the Italian population;• Standing balance test and basketball frontal throw test references in a wide sample of children;• The performance of children in the present study was roughly comparable to that of other European children.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1197850
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