A mix base for ice cream (MBIC) is used to produce artisanal or industrial ice creams and desserts and consists of a mixture of different ingredients, including sugar, egg yolk, natural flavors, starch and milk proteins. MBICs, which have chemical-physical characteristics that include a pH of 5.61 and an activity water (Aw) less than or equal to 0.822, are packaged in tin boxes and stored at ambient temperature. Despite the low Aw, MBIC can support osmotolerant and osmophilic yeast growth. The aim of our work was to study the behavior of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii, the main microorganisms responsible of MBIC spoilage, either in the vivo or in a model system in order to inhibit its growth by the selection of antimicrobial agents. Different osmotolerant yeasts belonging to the genus Zygosaccharomyces were isolated and identified from spoiled and unspoiled lots of MBICs. In particular, Z. rouxii was the predominant species responsible for the spoilage, which depended on the high temperature of storage (>20 °C) and was highlighted by the presence of alcohol, esters, acids and gas (CO2), which blew open the tin boxes. To stop spoilage, different antimicrobial compounds were tested: sulfur dioxide, sorbic and benzoic acids and ethanol. However, only 2% v/v ethanol was required to achieve the total inhibition of the Z. rouxii cocktails tested in this work. The use of other antimicrobials cannot be recommended because they were not able to stop yeast spoilage and changed the color and flavor of the products. Conversely, the use of ethanol is suggested because of its extreme effectiveness against osmotolerant yeasts, and the added amount was less than or equal to the taste threshold limit. The MBICs, treated with ethanol, were stable till the end of their shelf-life (6 months).

Zygosaccharomyces rouxii is the predominant species responsible for the spoilage of the mix base for ice cream and ethanol is the best inhibitor tested

Iacumin L.;Colautti A.;Comi G.
2022

Abstract

A mix base for ice cream (MBIC) is used to produce artisanal or industrial ice creams and desserts and consists of a mixture of different ingredients, including sugar, egg yolk, natural flavors, starch and milk proteins. MBICs, which have chemical-physical characteristics that include a pH of 5.61 and an activity water (Aw) less than or equal to 0.822, are packaged in tin boxes and stored at ambient temperature. Despite the low Aw, MBIC can support osmotolerant and osmophilic yeast growth. The aim of our work was to study the behavior of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii, the main microorganisms responsible of MBIC spoilage, either in the vivo or in a model system in order to inhibit its growth by the selection of antimicrobial agents. Different osmotolerant yeasts belonging to the genus Zygosaccharomyces were isolated and identified from spoiled and unspoiled lots of MBICs. In particular, Z. rouxii was the predominant species responsible for the spoilage, which depended on the high temperature of storage (>20 °C) and was highlighted by the presence of alcohol, esters, acids and gas (CO2), which blew open the tin boxes. To stop spoilage, different antimicrobial compounds were tested: sulfur dioxide, sorbic and benzoic acids and ethanol. However, only 2% v/v ethanol was required to achieve the total inhibition of the Z. rouxii cocktails tested in this work. The use of other antimicrobials cannot be recommended because they were not able to stop yeast spoilage and changed the color and flavor of the products. Conversely, the use of ethanol is suggested because of its extreme effectiveness against osmotolerant yeasts, and the added amount was less than or equal to the taste threshold limit. The MBICs, treated with ethanol, were stable till the end of their shelf-life (6 months).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1219894
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