Fish meat is very perishable because of indigenous and microbial enzymes, which determine spoilage and shelf life. The deterioration processes, which lead to an important, sequential, and progressive modification of the initial state of freshness, are fast and depend on rearing, harvesting, slaughtering, handling, and storage conditions. Usually, the shelf life of gutted fish stored at 4 ± 2 °C under vacuum packaging (VP—1.0 bar) and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP, 70% N2, <1% O2, 30% CO2) is approximately 9 days. The aim of this work was to improve the shelf life and preserve the microbiological and sensory quality of farmed gutted sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and sea bream (Sparus aurata) using different methods, including VP, MAP, and bioprotective culture containing Latilactobacillus sakei, until 12–14 days. Microbiological, physicochemical, and sensory quality indices were monitored to confirm the effectiveness of biopreservation on product quality during proper refrigeration (4 ± 2 °C) or abuse (6 ± 2 °C, simulating supermarkets and consumer fridges) storage period. Considering the quality indexes represented by Enterobacteriaceae, total volatile nitrogen (TVB-N), and malonaldehyde concentrations (TBARS) and the sensorial analysis, the VP samples were more acceptable than the MAP fish, even though the shelf-life of the VP and MAP fish was similar at about 12 days. The second phase of the work was to evaluate the shelf-life of both VP fish stored at 6 ± 2 °C, which simulates the normal abuse temperature of supermarkets or consumer fridges. Data confirmed the previous results and demonstrated, despite the abuse temperature of storage, a shelf-life of about 12 days. Finally, the third phase consisted of prolonging the shelf life until 14 days of storage at 6 ± 2 °C by washing the gutted sea bass and sea bream in a suspension of bioprotective starter (7 log CFU/mL) with or without the addition of dextrose (0.1%) and by VP packaging. The bioprotective culture reduced the growth of spoilage microorganisms. Consequently, the total volatile nitrogen (TVB-N) concentration in both fish species was low (<35 mg N/100 g). Nonprofessional and untrained evaluators confirmed the acceptability of the inoculated samples by sensorial analysis.

Evaluation of Different Techniques, including Modified Atmosphere, under Vacuum Packaging, Washing, and Latilactobacillus sakei as a Bioprotective Agent, to Increase the Shelf-Life of Fresh Gutted Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and Sea Bream (Sparus aurata) Stored at 6 ± 2 °C

Iacumin L.;Pellegrini M.;Comi G.
2022

Abstract

Fish meat is very perishable because of indigenous and microbial enzymes, which determine spoilage and shelf life. The deterioration processes, which lead to an important, sequential, and progressive modification of the initial state of freshness, are fast and depend on rearing, harvesting, slaughtering, handling, and storage conditions. Usually, the shelf life of gutted fish stored at 4 ± 2 °C under vacuum packaging (VP—1.0 bar) and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP, 70% N2, <1% O2, 30% CO2) is approximately 9 days. The aim of this work was to improve the shelf life and preserve the microbiological and sensory quality of farmed gutted sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and sea bream (Sparus aurata) using different methods, including VP, MAP, and bioprotective culture containing Latilactobacillus sakei, until 12–14 days. Microbiological, physicochemical, and sensory quality indices were monitored to confirm the effectiveness of biopreservation on product quality during proper refrigeration (4 ± 2 °C) or abuse (6 ± 2 °C, simulating supermarkets and consumer fridges) storage period. Considering the quality indexes represented by Enterobacteriaceae, total volatile nitrogen (TVB-N), and malonaldehyde concentrations (TBARS) and the sensorial analysis, the VP samples were more acceptable than the MAP fish, even though the shelf-life of the VP and MAP fish was similar at about 12 days. The second phase of the work was to evaluate the shelf-life of both VP fish stored at 6 ± 2 °C, which simulates the normal abuse temperature of supermarkets or consumer fridges. Data confirmed the previous results and demonstrated, despite the abuse temperature of storage, a shelf-life of about 12 days. Finally, the third phase consisted of prolonging the shelf life until 14 days of storage at 6 ± 2 °C by washing the gutted sea bass and sea bream in a suspension of bioprotective starter (7 log CFU/mL) with or without the addition of dextrose (0.1%) and by VP packaging. The bioprotective culture reduced the growth of spoilage microorganisms. Consequently, the total volatile nitrogen (TVB-N) concentration in both fish species was low (<35 mg N/100 g). Nonprofessional and untrained evaluators confirmed the acceptability of the inoculated samples by sensorial analysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1220414
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