The influence of ultrasound treatments of tomato pulp on microstructure and lycopene in vitro bioaccessibility was investigated. To this purpose, samples were subjected to ultrasound at a frequency and amplitude of 24 kHz and 100 lm, respectively, for increasing lengths of time. Results showed that ultrasound was responsible for loss of tomato cell integrity, as well as a decrease in the degree of pectin esterification. In contrast, rheological measurements showed that ultrasonically treated tomato pulp had greater gel-like properties than an untreated sample. It was inferred that ultrasound promoted the formation of a new network due to hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions among the de-esterified pectin molecules. Such a reinforcement of the tomato pulp structure resulted in a decrease in lycopene in vitro bioaccessibility of the ultrasonically treated tomato pulp, probably due to the fact that the presence of a stronger network may make lycopene less available to the digestion process.

Effect of ultrasound treatments of tomato pulp on microstructure and lycopene in vitro bioaccessibility.

ANESE, Monica;MIROLO, Giorgio;BERALDO, Paola;LIPPE, Giovanna
2013-01-01

Abstract

The influence of ultrasound treatments of tomato pulp on microstructure and lycopene in vitro bioaccessibility was investigated. To this purpose, samples were subjected to ultrasound at a frequency and amplitude of 24 kHz and 100 lm, respectively, for increasing lengths of time. Results showed that ultrasound was responsible for loss of tomato cell integrity, as well as a decrease in the degree of pectin esterification. In contrast, rheological measurements showed that ultrasonically treated tomato pulp had greater gel-like properties than an untreated sample. It was inferred that ultrasound promoted the formation of a new network due to hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions among the de-esterified pectin molecules. Such a reinforcement of the tomato pulp structure resulted in a decrease in lycopene in vitro bioaccessibility of the ultrasonically treated tomato pulp, probably due to the fact that the presence of a stronger network may make lycopene less available to the digestion process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/865697
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