: In this study an in vitro static digestion method mimicking the elderly gastrointestinal conditions was designed by adapting the physiological parameters described in the INFOGEST standardized static in vitro digestion protocol, i.e., pH, digestive phase duration, concentrations of enzymes and bile salts, to the aged GI transit. The digestibility of proteins from different sources (pea, rice, wheat, and milk whey) was then assessed. Protein digestive behaviour was monitored after gastric and intestinal phases by BCA assay and SDS-PAGE to assess protein hydrolysis both from a quantitative and a qualitative point of view. Digested samples were also analysed for physical characteristics in terms of particle size and zeta potential. Data acquired under elderly gastrointestinal conditions were compared to those obtained by using the INFOGEST protocol designed to study adult digestion. Results clearly showed that the elderly gastrointestinal conditions deeply affected proteolysis leading to a general reduction of protein digestibility in comparison to the adult model. The proteolysis extent depended on the protein source with whey and rice proteins showing about 20% reduction using the model mimicking the elderly gut, followed by pea (about 10% reduction) and wheat (about 4% reduction) proteins. The knowledge of protein digestibility under elderly gastrointestinal conditions generated in this study could be useful in the attempt to develop age-tailored products.

Comparison of protein in vitro digestibility under adult and elderly conditions: The case study of wheat, pea, rice, and whey proteins

Melchior, Sofia
Primo
;
Moretton, Martina;Alongi, Marilisa
;
Calligaris, Sonia;Cristina Nicoli, Maria;Anese, Monica
2023-01-01

Abstract

: In this study an in vitro static digestion method mimicking the elderly gastrointestinal conditions was designed by adapting the physiological parameters described in the INFOGEST standardized static in vitro digestion protocol, i.e., pH, digestive phase duration, concentrations of enzymes and bile salts, to the aged GI transit. The digestibility of proteins from different sources (pea, rice, wheat, and milk whey) was then assessed. Protein digestive behaviour was monitored after gastric and intestinal phases by BCA assay and SDS-PAGE to assess protein hydrolysis both from a quantitative and a qualitative point of view. Digested samples were also analysed for physical characteristics in terms of particle size and zeta potential. Data acquired under elderly gastrointestinal conditions were compared to those obtained by using the INFOGEST protocol designed to study adult digestion. Results clearly showed that the elderly gastrointestinal conditions deeply affected proteolysis leading to a general reduction of protein digestibility in comparison to the adult model. The proteolysis extent depended on the protein source with whey and rice proteins showing about 20% reduction using the model mimicking the elderly gut, followed by pea (about 10% reduction) and wheat (about 4% reduction) proteins. The knowledge of protein digestibility under elderly gastrointestinal conditions generated in this study could be useful in the attempt to develop age-tailored products.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1239004
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